Institute for Physical Problems of RAS, Moscow
The humanity is passing through the age of global demographic revolution − the period of time when after an explosive growth the population of the world abruptly changes the character of its development and suddenly passes to a limited reproduction. This utmost in its significance event in the history of humanity since the moment of its emergence is expressed first of all in the population dynamics. However, it touches upon all sides of life of billions of people and that is why it is just the demographic processes which has become the most important global problem of the world and Russia. It is not only the present that depends on their fundamental understanding but also the foreseeable future, priorities and irregularity of development, sustainable growth and global security after the current crucial age of changes. The new understanding of process of changes gives a phenomenological theory of humanity growth based on the methods and models of physics.