The Nigeria-Biafra War, Oil and the Political Economy of State Induced Development Strategy in Eastern Nigeria, 1967–1995


Автор: Korieh, Chima J. - подписаться на статьи автора
Журнал: Volume 17, Number 1 / March 2018 - подписаться на статьи журнала

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30884/seh/2018.01.05

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the low agricultural productivity, food insecurity and environmental degradation have become more apparent in many Afri-can societies. These trends have threatened the farmers' ability to in-crease productivity and to practice sustainable agriculture. The crisis in agricultural productivity is structural as it is demonstrated by the impact of the Nigeria-Biafra War and the emergence of the petroleum industry in the 1970s. This paper reveals that the agricultural crisis in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa has been misunderstood because the analysis often ignores how the ideology of state development in-teracted with local ecological conditions and peasants' actions to structure the changes in peasant economies. In the case of Eastern Nigeria, the Nigeria-Biafra War (1967–1970) and the emergence of the petroleum industry as the most important contributor to national GDP challenged the economic ideology that sought to use agriculture as a driver of economic development.

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