Neandertals – Life, Work, Vanishing

Автор: Claessen, Henri J. M. - подписаться на статьи автора
Журнал: Social Evolution & History. Volume 19, Number 1 / March 2020 - подписаться на статьи журнала


Between 250,000 and 35,000 years BC the Neandertals1 lived in great parts of Europe, West and Central-Asia (maps in Jaubert 1999: 20–21, 55; Fagan 1998: 98).2 During this long period of time the Ice Ages would alternate with periods of relative warmth. Large regions sometimes were covered with ice – the Glacials – and had a Mediterranean climate – the Interglacials – at other times. Evidently these large climatic differences deeply influenced the life of the Neandertals. During the Ice Ages one met here mammoths and polar foxes, and during the warmer periods horses and deer roamed around in large herds. The implication of these differences is that it is not possible to make easy generalizations about the life of Neandertals.

Henri J. M. Claessen, Leiden University more