Формирующийся баланс сил в «Индо-Пацифике»


Автор: Леонова О. Г. - подписаться на статьи автора
Журнал: Век глобализации. Выпуск №2(38)/2021 - подписаться на статьи журнала

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30884/vglob/2021.02.06

Леонова Ольга Георгиевна, д. полит. н., профессор факультета глобальных процессов МГУ имени М. В. Ломоносова more

Понятие «Индо-Пацифика» (“Indo-Pacific”), недавно вошедшее в официальный политический лексикон, подразумевает акваторию Индийского и западной части Тихого океана и включает в себя все страны на их побережье. Оно отражает возросшую геополитическую роль Индийского океана в мировой политике и новую геополитическую реальность, где формируется новый баланс сил трех держав: Китая, Индии и США. В статье рассматриваются геополитические интересы данных стран в Индийском океане, цели их политики в регионе, особенности стратегии относительно реализации поставленных целей. Анализ целей, геополитических интересов и стратегий этих стран в борьбе за влияние в Индийском океане показывает, что они противоречат друг другу и вступают в конфликт, в котором роль арбитра и гаранта безопасности намерены играть США.

Формирующийся узел геополитических противоречий в регионе Индийского океана ведет к нарушению баланса сил и чреват возникновением конфликта. Выявлены возможные последствия данной ситуации, которые имеют как региональный, так и глобальный аспект.

Ключевые слова: «Индо-Пацифика», Индийский океан, Китай, Индия, США, национальные интересы, цели политики, стратегия, позиции сторон, проект «Жемчужное ожерелье».

 The Emerging Balance of Power in the ‘Indo-Pacific’

Olga G. Leonova, Doctor of Sci. (Political), Professor, Faculty of Global Studies, Lomonosov Moscow State University

The concept of ‘Indo-Pacific’ reflects the increased geopolitical role of the Indian Ocean in world politics and a new geopolitical reality, where a new balance of power is being formed between the three states: China, India and the United States. The article reveals the geopolitical interests of these countries in the Indian Ocean, the goals of their policy in the region, as well as the specifics of the strategy for implementing these goals. The analysis of the goals, geopolitical interests and strategies of these countries in the struggle for influence in the Indian Ocean shows that they contradict each other and come into a conflict in which the United States intent to play the role of arbiter and guarantor of security.

The emerging knot of geopolitical contradictions in the region of the Indian Ocean leads to a violation of the balance of power and is fraught with the emergence of a conflict. The identified negative consequences of this situation have both a regional and global aspect.

Keywords: ‘Indo-Pacific’, Indian Ocean, China, India, Pakistan, the USA, national interests, policy goals, strategy, positions of the parties, ‘The String of Pearls’ project.


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