Contents and abstracts

Журнал: Философия и общество. Выпуск №3-4(77)/2015 - подписаться на статьи журнала

Editorial (рр. 5–6)


Leonid E. Grinin. The Contours of the New World Order (рр. 7–33).

The global order as a system of certain ideas and regularities predominant in the world politics had started to emerge in Europe in the sixteenth century and was finally established in the nineteenth century. However, an established world order usually endures for three-four decades and then it changes under the influence of the changing circumstances and new balance of power. At present we have just entered the epoch of the changing world order and the formation of its new system. The present article analyzes the started weakening of the world order based on the American hegemony as well as the characteristic features and methods employed by the USA to support their position in the world. The author shows why the absolute American hegemony could hardly remain for a long time and also the way in which globalization has become more profitable for the developing and not for the developed countries; and also how the idea has been gradually formed of an inevitable weakening of the US positions. The article defines the current situation in the international relations as a started reconfiguration of the World System which marks the beginning of the epoch of turbulent events and formation of new coalitions. This will be a kind of a transition period to a more stable new world order which will be established with difficulties. The author gives some ideas about the possible directions and ways this new order will be established, what will be the principles of that order and possible mechanisms of its maintaining.

Keywords: world order, globalization, sovereignty, turbulence, new coalitions, diplomacy, hegemony, weakening of the USA, superpower, dollar diplomacy, sanctions, World System.

Ivan A. Gobozov. Social Progress or Regress? (рр. 34–50).

The article is devoted to urgent and important issues of social progress. It is noted that society has its own immanent logic of the upward development.

Keywords: progress, the logic of history, regression, globalization, the criterion of progress, the possibility of progress.

Yuri I. Semyonov. The Issue of Social Reality (рр. 51–75).

The article reveals the roots of the sociological nominalism which states that the society as a real holistic formation does not exist, there are only individuals. It is shown that it is possible to justify sociological realism only from the materialistic perception of society and history.

Keywords: society, social organism, sociohistoric organism, social relations, socio-economic relations, social objective being, materialistic perception of society and history, basis and superstructure, material and objective.

Vladimir I. Metlov. The Marxist Reminiscences in Martin Heidegger’s Works (рр. 76–93).

The paper deals with the problem of influence of the Marxian theory on Martin Heidegger’s works, stressing the key moments of this influence. Heidegger’s strive to a fruitful dialogue with Marxism is mentioned. It is also pointed out that his hostile attitude to the dialectic excludes an authentic understanding of historical materialism.

Keywords: dialectics, antinomy, contradiction, metaphysic, science, ontology, technique, historicism, identity, difference.

Vera I. Samokhvalova. Culture at Markets. The Outcomes of the Monetized Norms, Values, and Meanings (рp. 94118).

The article considers the cultural consequences of functioning of the market, its rules and models in contemporary Russian society. The author shows a deforming influence of the market mechanisms and psychology on the content of culture, the values of individuals and society, on possible creative realization of the personality.

Keywords: person, society, culture, market, values, deformation.

Grigory A. Zavalko. The Culture of Capitalist Society (рp. 119–143).

According to a famous philosopher Y. I. Semyonov, culture is a socially significant experience of people's activity. It is impossible to study culture without studying society. Thus, in order to understand the reasons of availability of such phenomena of material and spiritual culture (superstructure) in this society, one should consider the present market relations. This article considers the influence of market relations on the culture.

Keywords: culture, capitalism, money, individualism, competition, people.

Yuri V. Ivlev. The Means of Persuasion (рp. 144–154).

Practical justification, argumentation as well as psychological, rhetorical etc. techniques are the instruments to form a conviction. Argumentation is the knowledge justification by means of other knowledge and logical and methodological techniques. Psychological, rhetorical and other techniques of the formation of a conviction maintain or substitute argumentation. In the former case, they are comparable to chemical inhibitors and catalysts.

Keywords: conviction, view, argumentation, psychological techniques, rhetorical techniques, pragmatics, heuristic, egoistic.

Applied Philosophy

Nikolay S. Savkin. The Opportunities of Applied Philosophy (рp. 155–165).

The article considers the possibilities of existence of applied philosophy as a science about general principles of application of fundamental theoretical theses – laws, categories, principles of philosophy – in practice, different fields and different situations in order to “coordinate people's actions, transform their characters” (A. Schopenhauer). Four spheres of application of philosophy are considered in this article: the sphere of cognitive activity, philosophical foundations of the science, certain spheres of life (policy, education, health care), philosophical counseling.

Keywords: applied philosophy, practical philosophy, philosophical counseling, methodology, philosophical foundations of the science.

Vadim S. Grekhnev. The Similarity and Difference of Gender and Sexual Education (рp. 166–180).

The similarities and differences of gender and sexual education are considered on the basis of the correlation of biological and social in interrelations and behavior of people. The author shows the notional meaning and meaningful content of these types of education in modern social practice.

Keywords: gender education, sexual education, child sexuality, Oedipus complex.

Russian Philosophy

Andrey D. Sukhov. N. A. Polevoy – a Philosopher of History (рp. 181–199).

Polevoy is a famous Russian historian, the author of “The History of the Russian People” and other studies on historical issues. He is also the author of an original philosophy of history, which has not still lost its scientific value and deserves attention.

Keywords: Polevoy, philosophy of history, general and particular, historical necessity, historical continuity, subjective factor, historical approach to the past.

Contents and abstracts (рp. 200–202)