Contents


Журнал: Выпуск №1-2(17-18)/2016 - подписаться на статьи журнала

Theory

Leonid E. Grinin. The New World Order and the Age of Globalization. Part 2. Opportunities and Prospects of the Formation of the New World Order (рр. 3–18). Original text and References

The author argues what and why should change for the formation of the new world order and what will be the directions and patterns of the formation of this new world order as well as what will be the foundations of this world order and possible mechanisms of its establishment. The author proceeds from the idea that in recent years there has started a reconfiguration of the World System which will bring a rather long-term period of turbulence but also a certain transition from an active formation of new coalitions to a new and more stable world order whose establishment will proceed with certain difficulties.

Keywords: world order, globalization, sovereignty, turbulence, new coalitions, global balance of power, new balance of power, weakening of the USA, superpower, sanctions, World-System, expert councils, supranational units, TNC.

Peter Kemp. Creating the Human Community (рр. 19–25). Original text and References

Collectively constructing a life-focused human community requires creating a life between people from different cultures. Such a life presupposes a dialogue between cultures. And this dialogue must aim at mutual understanding. The first part of this paper tries to analyze why such an understanding is difficult and how it might be established anyway.

However, it is not enough to clarify how different people can understand each other. Spiritual humanism demands practical humanism, because a community needs a social and legal order to regulate the behavior of its members, so that they can know what is good and bad for the common life and how they can live in peace together. The second part of this paper, therefore, tries to analyze which practical goals and which legal order can unify actions of people from different cultures in a real global community.

Keywords: human community, dialogue, culture, global law.

Irina V. Ivakhnyuk. The Development of Theory of Migration under Globalization (рр. 26–43). Original text and References

The paper deals with conceptualization of migration in the last third of the twentieth century and early twenty-first century against the background of the current globalization. Globalization has inspired huge waves of migration and radically changed the structure of migration flows. At the same time, contem-porary Global Studies have developed new concepts, which have been incorporated in migration theory resulting in particular focus on migration interdependence of the countries of the world. The author gives special attention to the existing approaches to managing migration which are mainly aimed at restrictions on inflow of immigrants. Therefore, they contradict openness as the primary paradigm of globalization.

Keywords: international migration, globalization, migration theory, migration interdependence, migration governance.

Vsevolod O. Glukhovtsev, and Aliya I. Salakhova. The Ontological Foundations of the Current Worldview Crisis (рр. 44–57). Original text and References

The paper analyzes the global issues of contemporary world and their histori-cal preconditions; the authors conclude that modern “europogenic” civilization exists under a systemic crisis whose main cause is the obsolete ontology with its basic postulates being formed in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries (the authors call this worldview a “Heraclite's antropocosmology”). To settle the crisis the authors propose the idea of neogeocetrism which in their view can change the ontological ranking of the Earth in the Universe and to reveal the spatial and temporal potential of biosphere and human.

Keywords: europogene society, antropocosmos, technocarnival, technomagic, civilization overheating, neogeocentrism, “white window”, superoecumene.

Processes of globalization

Khalil A. Barlybayev. Globalization: From a Broad Analysis to the Inward Study (рр. 58–69). Original text and References

The paper considers the current research within Global Studies as well as the position of Russia in the globalizing world. The author presents his approach within the methodology of analyzing the globalization processes and formation of a scientific system of Global Studies. He puts forward the idea of sustainable development as a normative and theoretical basis for global governance.

Keywords: globalization, Global Studies, Russia, needs, communication, global governance, the concept of sustainable development.

Yekaterina V. Sazhienko. The Assessment of the Current State of the Planetary Civilization in the Russian Academic Publications (рр. 70–79). Original text and References

The author examines the relevance of global issues and their coverage in contemporary Russian scientific journals on the base of content analysis data from the journals “Vek Globalizatsii” [Age of Globalization] and “Journal of Globalization Studies” published between 2008 and 2013. The author compares the frequency of the usage of the words belonging to socio-cultural, environmental, socio-economic and demographic aspects of global issues. We consider the overall assessment of the current state of civilization, as well as some global actors influencing decision-making.

Keywords: global issues, globalization, crisis, global governance actors, con-tent analysis.

Valery V. Snakin. The Path to Sustainable Development: Myths and Reality (рр. 80–86). Original text and References

This article analyzes goals and theoretical foundations of the concept of sus-tainable development (SD) which claims to be the leading viewpoint for the world community.The author shows the absence of scientific justification, the contradic-tions between the SD concept and the laws of biosphere evolution as well as the laws of dialectics. The SD concept has been introduced ‘from the top’ due to the political reasons and not due to a scientific analysis. It opposes human and na-ture, and narrowly interprets the environmental knowledge; besides, it does not match the basic laws of the biosphere evolution (explosive character, increasing volatility, etc.). This seems to be the reason for the lack of positive influence of the SD concept on current processes in the world exposed to increasing inequality and unstable growth. The author discusses the results of John Calhoun ‘mouse utopia’ experiments showing a devastating impact of satisfaction of consuming goals for the surviving society. In contrast to the SD concept an example of successful use of ‘controlled chaos’ concept in political practice is presented basing on the achievements of Ilya Prigogine's thermodynamics of irreversible process.

The author emphasizes the prospects of elaborating a new outlook based on the idea of instability and denial of deterministic picture of the world and its influence on humane society development.

Keywords: the sustainable development concept, the controlled chaos con-cept, the development of civilization, Calhoun experiment.

Global issues

Elena A. Kovalyova, Danila A. Rodionov, and Maksim O. Kovalyov. The Problem of Starvation in the Globalization Process (рр. 87–95). Original text and References

This article examines the issue of starvation in the world in the context of the expected evolution of global processes, as well as with account of the prospects for the humankind's survival; the author provides the analysis of supply of population with food. The mass starvation and other issues of a similar type produce an opposite effect on public life. To solve the problem of famine, it is important to make an appropriate understanding of the process of producing food and nutrition itself.

Keywords: hunger, agricultural production, hidden hunger, food, social and economic processes.

Elena S. Vasetsova. Is the ISIS a Step toward the Conflict of Civilizations? (рр. 96–101). Original text and References

The occupation of large parts of Iraq and Syria by a radical extremist organi-zation ISIS causes continuing discussions about the validity of Samuel Hunting-ton’s theory on the clash of civilizations.

Keywords: ISIS, the Syrian conflict, Samuel Huntington, the clash of civiliza-tions.

Alexey K. Skalenko. The Global-Systemic Crisis of the Trans-informational Civilization (рр. 102–113). Original text and References

Having performed a global systemic analysis of realities and current trends the author maintains the presence of global civilizational crisis. Basing on this fact and on the previously formed systematic-informational methodology of research and implementations of current global processes, the author develops the innovative conceptual approach for determining the trans-informational essence of the newly defined phenomenon of the global systemic crisis of civilizational process. The author also determines the misinformation and disintegrational effects as factors of formation of crisis phenomena with global systemic influence, and also there were developed appropriate recommendations to overcome the crisis at different levels of socio-economic activity and development.

Keywords: global systemic crisis, trans-informational crisis, civilization, mis-information, disintegration, functioning, development.

Alexander M. Starostin. The Russian Cosmism in the Context of Modern Philosophical Activities (рр. 114–125). Original text and References

The author considers philosophical innovatics as a sphere of applied philosophy and philosophical research. The evolution of Russian cosmism is analyzed from this point. In this ideological trend two main stages are emphasized: classical and modern. The task of the analysis and summing up the results of the modern Russian cosmism development is set up.

Keywords: cosmism, Russian cosmism, philosophical innovatics, the Russian idea, cosmization.

Nature, society, and humans

Viktor F. Petrenko. The Multipolar Culture of the United Humankind (рр. 126–132). Original text and References

The article is devoted to the issue of mutual enrichment, interaction and interpenetration of national cultures and also to their competition and struggle for self-preservation. The article emphasizes the peculiar character of national language and the Humanities, as well as the impossibility of their reduction to a single logic and universal semantic content.

Keywords: natural language, culture, cognition, logic, constructivism, picture of the world.

Alexander B. Veber. The Study of Social Progress: Global Dimension and Challenges for Politics (рр. 133–146). Original text and References

Social progress is the objective which different countries achieve in various ways and with different speed and results. How to assess the level of social progress and how can it be measured? The traditional GDP per capita indicator can hardly serve an adequate measure of society's well-being. The attempts to find such a measure have been taken repeatedly, but the proposed methods and models do not completely satisfy the requirements of completeness. “Social Progress Index 2015” seems to be a new step in this direction since for the first time it offers a method of evaluation of social progress as such, separately from economic factors. It allows the researchers to better analyze the relationship between economic development and social progress, to understand both objective and subjective factors of the striking disparity between different countries in their usage of economic opportunities for social development, and provides the policy makers, business leaders, and civil society activists with an analytical tool which helps to more rationally and clearly identify the priorities and the main landmarks for the actions to achieve the objectives of social progress and sustainable development.

Keywords: social progress, economic progress, human and natural capital, sustainable development, development strategy.

Alexey N. Ilyin. The Crisis of Ecology and Environmental Consciousness in Consumer Society (рр. 147–160). Original text and References

The article considers the problem of oppression of nature in the context of global technocratic consumer society. Based on consumer strategies to maximize the profit, the business actors (including the global ones) enhance excessive pres-sure on nature. The consumption society is characterized by the trend not just to buy things but to get just new brand items. Things have symbolic richness which emphasizes the status of the owner. The cult of novelty results in permanent con-sumption and in pursuit of rapidly changing fashion. The article shows that the culture of consumption can eliminate environmental consciousness. The author also presents a general characteristic of the increasing environmental risks associated with the development of technological infrastructure.

Keywords: nature, ecology, consumption, technocratic consumer society, environmental awareness, risk, risk society.

Russia in the global world

Nikolay P. Zalyvskiy. Geopolitical Stability of Russia in the Context of Current Attempts to its International Isolation and Discrimination (рр. 161–174). Original text and References

This article examines Russia' possible movement to geopolitical stability in historical perspective. The author emphasizes the possibilities of strengthening Russia's global authority with the account of the experience of the previous stag-es of its development which caused the problems of fixing Russia among the leading states of the global development. The author allocates the conditions, preconditions of long-term sustainability of Russia as a subject of geopolitical leadership, and elaborates the number of theoretical axioms, necessary for the development of the mission of social and cultural global leadership. The author proposes the objectives of raising the importance of Russian civilizational mission in the future history of civilization.

Keywords: the mission of Russia, global leadership, global competition, future approaches, futurological approaches, barriers for global leadership.

Stanislav A. Stepanov, and Akhmat Ch. Erkenov. The Ecological Policy and Education in Russia in the Context of Geopolitical Changes (рр. 175–181). Original text and References

The article examines the current geopolitical changes, their transformation in the environmental policy and the content of Russian education; special attention is paid to the issues and prospects of environmental education. It shows the role of environmental education in the transition of society to sustainable development as well as justifies the methodology of effective pedagogical support of this process.

Keywords: geopolitics, globalization, environmental politic, environmental development, environmental education, sustainable development, environmental restriction, design, modernization.

Scientific Life

Ilya V. Ilyin, and Olga G. Leonova. The Studies of Global Processes: Achievements, Problems of Development, and Prospects (рр. 182–190). Original text and References

The article analyzes the results of the international scientific Congresses “Globalistics” which are regularly held in Moscow, at Lomonosov Moscow State University. The experience of holding these Congresses allowed us to identify a number of trends showing the dynamics of their development. The authors summa-rize the results of the four Congresses with respect to their contribution to the study of global processes; they analyze some typical issues concerning the conduct of global research and identify prospects for further development of Congress as institutionalized forms of social movement of researches in global studies in different countries.

Keywords: international scientific Congress, globalistics, global processes, trends, issues, results, prospects.