Журнал: Век глобализации. Выпуск №1(21)/2017 - подписаться на статьи журнала


Joseph Garske. The Anglophone Legality within Globalization: State, Corporations and Technologies (pp. 3–19). Original text and References

This paper sets forth a way to understand, how technology has enabled Anglophone legality to employ, both the structure of the state and the structure of the corporation in its project of globalization. The paper does so by comparing the origins, development, and fundamental differences between the two Western legal forms, Civil and Common. This comparative approach is used to explain how Civil law is assimilated to the state, and how its Anglophone counterpart holds a position of equal and independent predominance toward both state and corporation. It shows how pragmatic adaptability is an advantage for the English method in constructing a global legal culture.

Keywords: Civil law, Continental law, Roman law, Common law, Anglophone law, legal culture, technology, printing press, transcendence, hegemony, postmodern, modern, corporation, state.

Grigory S. Smirnov. The Philosophy of Humanity’s Autotrophy and Global Consciousness (pp. 20–32). Original text and References

The article defines the landmarks in the development of philosophy of humankind’s autotrophy whose foundations were laid by Vladimir Vernadsky. The author argues that the logics of conceptual dynamics of philosophy of autotrophy impacts the specific models of human global consciousness which at its origin was manifested in the philosophy of heterotrophy while at present it is expressed in different patterns of mixotrophy which are realized in different ways in developed and developing countries; meanwhile, in future there will appear the problem of understanding of a critical revolution in human mind – that is the acceptance of the autotrophic attractors of human civilizational being. The autotrophic global consciousness of the humankind as a single intentional spiritual and informational system is based on Vladimir Vernadsky’s conception about the transition of biosphere into a noosphere.

Keywords: global philosophy, V. I. Vernadsky, philosophy of autotrophy, global consciousness, mixotrophy of modern society, noospheric autotrophy.

Ivan A. Aleshkovski, Marat O. Bolatov, and Nikolay A. Sluka. The Horizons of the Urban Growth within Globalization (pp. 33–45). Original text and References

The article discusses methodological issues of assessing the internal and external resources for the development of cities in the context of globalization. Proceeding form the methods and principles maintained within the framework of neoclassical economic paradigm, the authors suggest the ways to define the limits of urban growth. The authors emphasize the peculiar role of globalization in the formation of mega cities as well as the significance of modern city as a nodal network of cross-border interactions. They propose the model of assessing the global urban network dynamics. The analysis allowed defining and characterizing of the four cities clusters, namely: “mature”, “emerging”, “developing” and “highly dynamic” cities.

Keywords: globalization, urbanization, the limits to cities’ growth, global cities, nodal and network patterns, cross-border networked interactions, evaluation of the global urban network dynamics.

Processes of globalization

Leonid D. Rasskazov. The Recessionary Consciousness and Globalization: Sources and Consequences of the Landmark Transformations (pp. 46–55). Original text and References

The article deals with the interrelationship and interdependence between the crisis consciousness and globalization. The author addresses the issue of causes and effects in the society’s transitional period and justifies the primacy of globalization and collaterality of consciousness. Consciousness experiences crises of two kinds: the first type crisis of consciousness occurs as a result of the reflected changes in the material world. The crisis of the second kind occurs when consciousness undergoes qualitative changes, which it has to pass through from time to time after reaching the limits and dead ends in its own development. The main conclusion of the study is that as it often happens the consciousness after overcoming the crisis will reveal the decision of problems.

Keywords: globalization, global issues of the day, crisis, crisis consciousness, cause, effect, consciousness.

Alexey V. Volobuev. The Religious Fundamentalism in the Globalized World (pp. 56–62). Original text and References

The article is devoted to the problem of increasing influence of the ideas of religious fundamentalism in its various manifestations in the contemporary globalized world. There are described socio-political and socio-psychological causes of development of ideas of religious fundamentalism and a forecast is given of its further advancement.

Keywords: globalization, fundamentalism, Islam, Orthodoxy, religious studies, Salafism, Wahabiism.

Sergey G. Nezdoiminov. The Green Tourism as a Factor of Globalization in the Ukrainian Danube Region (pp. 63–72).Original text and References

The article discusses the global trends in development of tourism, approaches to the development of tourism activities on the basis of the “green” economy paradigm. The author studies ecological problems of the Ukrainian Danube region, the international experience of implementation of environmental certification programs in the field of recreation and tourism. He examines the theoretical issues of environmental safety and protection of environment in the context of globalization, as well as various regional factors, conditions and possible solutions of the fundamental problems in the region. It is established that the implementation of environmental certification of tourist services is necessary in order to realize the concept of sustainable development of tourism in the Ukrainian Danube region.

Keywords: globalization, ecology, “green” economy, the tourist market, environmental certification, environmental management, the Ukrainian Danube region.

Global issues

Bermet A. Akaeva. Challenges and Risks of the Dynamic Development of the BRICS countries (pp. 73–85).Original text and References

The article examines the problems and risks that the BRICS economies have recently encountered which led to their growth slowing down and in the case of Brazil and Russia – to a recession. The paper discusses the conditions under which the BRICS economies will be able to reverse the slowdown trend and again take the path of sustainable growth. The author shows that the BRICS countries need to actively encourage their domestic demand, to tackle poverty and social inequality, to urgently proceed with deep structural reforms, and to seek for a tighter cooperation within the BRICS in trade and finances.

Keywords: BRICS, commodity prices falling, slowing economic growth, poverty, income inequality, structural imbalances in economy, international trade, sustainable growth.

Vladimir A. Grachev, Olga V. Plyamina. Global Ecological Problems, Ecological Security and Energetic Efficiency of Energy Production (pp. 86–97). Original text and References

The article describes the interrelation between global and local environmental issues and energy production. The author defines global criteria for these relationships which are the amounts of resources consumed and greenhouse gases emission. He also gives quantitative characteristics of the energy materials types with respect to these key indicators.

The article presents qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the environmental efficiency of various types of energy sources including alternative and renewable ones. It is shown that the nuclear power has the greatest benefits in terms of solution of global environmental problems.

Keywords: environmental problems, power generation – coal, gas, oil, solar, wind, and nuclear, hydraulic power generation, qualitative and quantitative evaluation of environmental performance.

Anastasia V. Golubinskaya. The Diversification and Unification of Cultures in the Global Web-Space (pp. 98–105). Original text and References

The aim of the article is to define the vectors of developing interrelations within the global web-space. The author studies the issues of unification of cultures, of merging of individual sociocultural societies within the virtual environment, as well as the process of divergence of separate cultures from the global Internet. Homogenization and creolization are defined as patterns of unifications. The author gives examples to illustrate the trend of cultural diversification: the development of national domain zones and virtual communities, popularization of the ideas of sociocultural identity in the common and entertaining web-discourses.

Keywords: web-culture, globalism, virtual community, culture distinctiveness, sociocultural identity, culture unification, culture diversification.

Nature, society, and humans

Alesya A. Gioyeva, Vladimir I. Maslov. The Management in the 21st Century: Culture and Innovations (pp. 106–119). Original text and References

The article deals with cultural and culturological aspects of theory and practice of modern management. Viewing culture as a total sphere of human activity the authors still emphasize two main manifestations of this phenomenon. On the one hand, these are ethnic cultures whose analysis in terms of classifications and potential realizations is accompanied with the exact illustrative material, describing the types and characteristics of managerial activity in individual ethnic cultures. On the other hand, these are the embodiment of corporate culture in general with its specific realization in the global context of the globalizing 21st century. The article is a theoretical essay, yet, it comprises the data that could be successfully employed in practical courses on Global Management.

Keywords: global management, ethnic cultures, managerial science, classification of cultures, innovations, corporate management.

Alexander S. Kurakin, Andrey A. Selivanov, Nikolay I. Svekolkin, Mikhail V. Voron, and Maria L. Sanashkina. On the Situation in the Ukrainian Atomic Energy Industry and Its Impact on the European Security (pp. 120–131). Original text and References

The article is devoted to the issue of preventing of accidents at nuclear power plants of Ukraine in the context of the current geopolitical situation. The authors articulate the probable causes of accidents and define possible consequences which the international community will face in case of an accident at one of the nuclear power plants.

Keywords: nuclear power plant, Ukraine, Rivne nuclear power plant.

Nikolay I. Gubanov, Nikolay N. Gubanov. Education and Globalizing Mentality (pp. 132–142). Original text and References

The article introduces a new social-philosophical concept of “globalist mentality”. It is shown that one of the prerequisites for preventing conflicts between civilizations, actually threatening with collapse of the whole humankind, is the formation of globalist or civilizational mentality in the course of existential dialogue. Here the determining factor is the integration of national education systems with multilingualism practice. The globalist worldview should comprise a set of constructive mental similarities of different civilizations and it will be able to provide stable and continuous development of the humankind. The article also describes the elements of the originating globalist worldview and prospects of its development.

Keywords: civilization, globalization, education, mentality, globalist mentality, multilingualism.