Журнал: Век глобализации. Выпуск №2(8)/2011 - подписаться на статьи журнала


László E. Global bifurcation: the time to make a decision (pp. 3–7). Original text and References

The author supposes that the modern global society has come close to the bifurcation point of its development and considers two possible scenarios of coming changes. The present trends prolongation which is named by the author ‘business without changes’ is fraught with serious negative consequences. The second scenario ‘of timely changes’ is preferable, but it demands special efforts to realize it – states the author in the final part of the article.

Keywords: system, global changes, transformations, bifurcation, trends, interconnection.

Stepin V. S. Globalization and cultural dialogue: the matter of values (pp. 8–17).Original text and References

The new perspectives of cultural interaction are analyzed. The author argues the need of an alternative globalization strategy that should be aimed at searching a new value system and new ways for civilizational development. It is shown that within the value system of Western culture the human activity vector is oriented outside; while the Eastern conventional value system supposes the man to be included in the nature. It is concluded that the synthesis of these two opposite views will be connected tightly with correlation, interdependence of these two vectors.

Keywords: culture, globalization, values, dialogue, modernization, tradition, market, technology, strategy.

Borzykh S. V. The concept of globalization: a new interpretation (pp. 18–31).Original text and References

The article explores issues relating to the notion of globalization. There are accumulated its general features and described the conditions needed for its development within time and space. The new definition of globalization, basing on the notion of mutuality principle, is proposed. The author examines the difference between globalism and globalization and explores the problem situation of choice all modern societies face.

Keywords: globalization, holism, statics, dynamics, globalism, the West, internet, communication.

Khasbulatov R. I. Idols and idolaters: the failure of libertarism. Paper 2 (pp. 32–40).Original text and References

The global crisis of 2008–2010 has not only revealed the internal weakness of capitalism as a self-regulated system but also has immensely intensified the criticism of capitalism as a social system. For the first time after the world socialism disappearance and the capitalism triumph there have appeared the most serious grounds to think that modern capitalism poses a threat for society and that it is far from perfect. All the participants of the world economic community agree that there is a need of crucial reorganization of the very fundamentals of the international economic and financial relations. In the paper the existing approaches are estimated and new solutions are suggested.

Keywords: social revolutions, reformation, ‘Washington consensus’, classical liberalism, Keynesianism, neo-Keynesianism, monetarism, libertarianism, crisis, depression.

Drobot G. A. Global governance in the context of international relations theory (pp. 41–52). Original text and References

The global governance problem became one of the important theoretical questions of the modern world more then two decades ago. There are numerous works on this theme. In the present article the paper by A. N. Chumakov «The Global World: The Global Governance Problem» is announced in a critical manner. The author assumes that scientists specializing in globalization are divided into optimists and pessimists. We rate A. N. Chumakov among the first group and we criticize its concept from the standpoint of the political realism paradigm of the international relations theory. Here we do not discuss pessimists, though we can notice that S. Huntington, for example, is one of them.

Keywords: globalization, global governance, the international relations theory, politic realism paradigm, hegemonic stability, global society, chaos.

Processes of Globalization

Dergacheva E. A. The peculiarities of global technospheric change of biosphere (pp. 53–61). Original text and References

Technogenic societies that are globalizing on the base of scientific and technical productive forces not only destroy biosphere aspiring to satisfy their needs but also create new artificial technosphere world which replaces biosphere. They do not take into consideration that the biosphere as a unique system of natural biologic life regulation should be preserved. As a result of integration of social, technospheric and biospheric systems and strengthening of technosphere sociotechnobiospheric processes and sociotechnobiospheric globalization become widespread. Such interpretation of technospheric change of biosphere gives an opportunity to treat social philosophic area’ processes and problems of global studies in a new way.

Keywords: technogenic sociobiospheric development, technosphere, biosphere, global sociotechnobiospheric processes, globalization.

Abylgaziev I. I., Ilyin I. V. The ways to strategic stability (pp. 62–72). Original text and References

The authors analyze the proceedings of II International Academic Congress ‘Globalistics-2011: The Ways to Strategic Stability and the Problem of Global Governance’ held at Moscow State University in May, 2011. On the basis of abundant facts they show informative work of the Congress, quote various statements, statistic data, theoretical general conclusions and practical implications.

Keywords: globalistics, globalization, strategy, politics, economic crisis, global governance, culture, civilization.

Global Problems

Rubtsov B. B. Global financial markets: scales, structure, regulation (pp. 73–98). Original text and References

In the article there is an analysis of global financial markets that for the last 30 years have reached unprecedented sizes in terms of GDP. This marks, first of all, an objective growth of the financial relations role in modern economic. It is shown that cyclicity is inherent in the financial market; and it develops not linearly, but in a sinusoidal manner. At present world economy is at the long-term phase of share markets decrease that will continue for several yeas. Without supra-national agencies for regulating financial markets their functions are implemented to some extent by international organizations, in particular, G-20 and Financial Stability Board.

Keywords: financial markets, financial systems, share markets, bond markets, derivative markets, financial market regulation, Financial Stability Board, G-20.

Doeve W., Davidenko K. V. Global financial crisis: the lessons for policymakers (pp. 99–108). Original text and References

The article analyzes the causes that led to the global financial crisis, and considers its peculiarities, there are also given some forecasts with respect to the future of modern world financial system. The authors emphasize the necessity of the timely, reasonable and purposeful political decisions to prevent any destabilizing consequences for the national and global financial sector.

Keywords: world financial crisis, the USA economy, systemic risks, macroeconomy, management.

Ivakhnyuk I. V. Labour migration regulation: global crisis’ contradictory lessons (pp. 109–125).Original text and References

International migration of labour resources has become one of the most obvious attributes of modern globalization and at the same time carries quintessence of the problems inherent in globalization. One of the principle problems is conflicting interests of the states that receive immigrants and their native states against the background of increasing migratory interconnection of states. Searching for compromise international mechanisms to regulate the flows of human resource and to realize at most its potential constitutes the core of the modern global migration discussion flared up under the pressure of global economic crisis. International organizations insist that the only way to establish international system for labour migration management can be the human rights-based approach. The author reflects upon to what extend in the modern world it is possible to realize the idea of guaranteeing human rights as a basis of intergovernmental cooperation in migration sphere and how it modifies under the pressure of increasing (due to globalization) migratory interconnection of states.

Keywords: international population migration, migration policy, system of labour migration regulation, global crisis, migratory interconnection.

Nature, society, man

Sablin I. V. International aspects of India and China’ environmental policy (pp. 126–139). Original text and References

The article is devoted to the international aspects of ecopolitical problems in China and India. It explores globalization processes impact on environmental conditions and environmental policy in these states. It mentions the pollution haven hypothesis. It also pays attention to participation of these two countries in international cooperation for solving modern global problems. The article investigates Chinese and Indian philosophical conceptions, estimates possibilities for these states to take the global ecological responsibility.

Keywords: India, China, ecological, environmental policy, environment, globalization, international relations, politics.

Komleva E. V. Anthropological social nuclear phenomenon (pp. 140–149). Original text and References

There have been carried out unique for Russia complex researches of anthropological social component of the nuclear power phenomenon. The phenomenon without which the existence of life on Earth is impossible. The research is brought up to the pragmatic SAMPO level.

Keywords: nuclear power, human, society, material and spiritual culture.

Russia in the Global World

Monakhova I. R. Russian mentality in the light of global challenges – eternal and modern (pp. 150–162). Original text and References

The Russian mentality is examined as a factor of modern Russian society development. The development of mentality is a necessary condition for successful development of society, that should more than now correlate, first, to its own ideology having religious (Christian) roots and, second, to the ideology of Christian world in general (a part of which Russia still remains), the more so as this ideology simultaneously is also an ideological basis of globalization.

Keywords: mentality, Christianity, Russia, West, people, values, human, individual, spirituality, morality.

Avilov V. I., Avilova S. D. Russian cosmology for solving global problems (pp. 163–173). Original text and References

In this work the authors, using the ecosystem approach, analyze modern astronautics achievements from the point of view of possible life displays on space objects to explain basic planetary processes and phenomena. Reconceptualization of space problems in the ecosystem context has allowed to suggest and substantiate the concept of the chemolytoautotrophy phenomenon universal distribution. The stated idea gives an impulse to theoretical researches on the life origin problem and on planetary processes. The more exact estimations of potential space resources that bring closer realization of space objects development plans follow from this.

Keywords: astronautics problems, life, chemolytoautotrophy, resources.

Scientific Life

Chumakov A. N. Culture and globalization challenges: new approaches (pp. 174–180). Original text and References

In the article it is considered modern approaches to comprehension of the globalization processes and crisis phenomena it causes. The author draws attention to the development of a new approach where interpersonal, cultural and humanitarian aspects come to the fore. Using China’s example he shows substantial implicit possibilities and definite advantages of such an approach in comparison with traditional, based mainly on analysis of economic parameters of social life. Appropriate generalizations and conclusion are given.

Keywords: culture, globalization, economic crisis, humanitarian sphere, civilization, dialogue, politics, social development.

Rzaeva R. O. Cultural diversity and philosophy of dialogue in the modern world (pp. 181–187). Original text and References

The author summarizes the World Forum on Intercultural Dialogue held in Baku, observes the major presentations and different viewpoints stated in debates and discussions. The role and importance of the Forum for solving modern globalization problems is explored; the very idea to hold such a forum and realization of its decisions is evaluated. Special attention is paid to the necessity to develop dialogue philosophy.

Keywords: philosophy, intercultural dialogue, culture, modern world, globalization, multiculturalism, civilization.

The Letter to the Editors (pp. 188–189).

The Authors of the Issue (p. 190).