Журнал: Век глобализации. Выпуск №2(10)/2012 - подписаться на статьи журнала


Krasavina L. N. monetary globalization: Tendencies and perspectives of development (pp. 3–16). Original text and References

The article analyses the trends and prospects of monetary globalization with the account of new phenomena in the globalizing world economy. The conclusion is validated about the expanding and deepening monetary globalization with respect to the functional and institutional aspects. The correlation is revealed between monetary globalization and regional monetary integration. The author proves the tendency of development of global monetary regulation with the account of the outcomes of the global financial-economic crisis and forthcoming reform of the world monetary system.

Keywords: world currency, international monetary economics, monetary globalization, regional monetary integration, monetary liberalization, global economy, dollar, euro, special drawing rights.

Ursul A. D. Cosmo-globalistics: The genesis and research approaches (pp. 17–31). Original text and References

This article investigates the origins and formation of a new trend of global studies, investigating the relationship of global and cosmic factors, the impact of the latter on the development of global processes and systems, the problem of space exploration on the planet and global processes growing into the space ones. Special attention is paid to possible global catastrophes and providing geocosmic security. The possibilities are considered to introduce natural processes, developmental prospects, "exoplanetary globalistics" and "global methodology" of the problems ofextraterrestrial civilizations into the subject field of cosmo-globalistics.

Keywords: cosmic consciousness, extraterrestrial civilizations,geocosmic security, globalistics, global catastrophes, global problems, global processes, global evolution, cosmo-globalistics,exoplanets.

Chumakov A. N. The problem of government as a cause for discussion (pp. 32–42). Original text and References

The article continues the discussion started on the pages of the journal “Age of Globalization” concerning the problems of global government. The author in a polemic way argues the urgency of the problem and develops his own view to its solution that have been presented in the previous article.

Keywords: global world, globalization, government, regulation, global government, world community, entity, state, law, morals.

Globalization Processes

Grinin L. E. The Chinese model and the perspectives of Chinese leadership in the world (pp. 43–61). Original text and References

The article reveals the merits and shortcomings of the Chinese economic development model as well as the causes for an inevitable slowdown of its growth. It is shown that although the technological and investment levels of the Chinese economy grows, it remains generally extensive and based on the consumption of excessive numbers of various resources and capital.

It is also shown that even if China surpasses the USA in GDP still it will be unable to become the world full-fledged leader as China will fail to fulfil many of the USA’s leadership functions (ideological, military, technological, innovational, monetary etc.). Besides, China’s weakness with respect to observance of human rights, to environment pollution, to the fact that more its citizens consider the Western values to be of prior importance as well as a number of other circumstances will prevent China from becoming the World-System leader.

Keywords:China, Chinese model, East Asian model, world leadership, the world reconfiguration, growth rate, ecological problems, gross product.

Ganchev P. The Global crisis: The need for new principles, institutions, values (pp. 62–78). Original text and References

Proceeding from the concept that after the 1990s the processes of globalization as objective and historically determined laws of supranational integration of the contemporary humankind are taking neoliberal course, the author reveals the large scale of the global crisis of capitalism, for which the current financial and economic crisis after 2008 is only the top of the iceberg, threatening the future of the civilization and life on the Earth in general. Basing on the evidence of the turning points of the human history, the author points out the need for development of new principles, institutes and values which will enable the mankind to cope with the threats for its future.

Keywords: globalization, global crisis, principles, institutions, values, global issues, terrorism, environment, financial-economic crisis

Bondarenko V. M. Global processes: Two paradigms of development (pp. 79–88). Original text and References

The article substantiates the thesis that the outlines of the future and present can be made visible and comprehensible by applying the author’s findings – that is, the new methodology for cognition of regularities in the human community development. This methodology made it possible to define that there have been and still exist only two paradigms of the human system development in the entire centuries-long course of the human community development. Cycles, crises, chaos and all negative phenomena are nothing else but natural products of the second, indirect paradigm of development. The new model of life organization at each local level is at the same time the former, first development paradigm, based on the direct interconnection between production and consumption of a particular human being, but raised onto the new high-tech level. Practical realization of this model is the only feasible condition for the transition to sustainable and crisis-free development.

Keywords: global processes,systemic crisis, sustainable development, new methodology of cognition, objective, particular human being, time, efficiency criterion, two development paradigms, coordination of interests, new model of life organization.

Silina E. V. Globalization phenomenon: Social aspect (pp. 89–95). Original text and References

The article presents a systemic view on the globalization phenomenon with a review of the most developed approaches to the definition of its essence, to the dialectics of its origin and developmental dynamics. There is presented a detailed description of the current stage of globalization when the world becomes more complex, self-contained, connected, multifaceted, and multidimensional, while the humanity makes a planet-wide socio-cultural entity.

Keywords: globalization, development of global links, global system, humanity, planetary entity.

Global problems

Aleshkovski I. A. The demographic crisis as a threat to Russia's national security (pp. 96–114). Original text and References

Basing on the abundant factual evidence and sociological data, the article analyses the urgent problems of the development of demographic potential in Russia, of the country’s population health and of increasing welfare. However, the author emphasizes that irrespective of the chosen model of economic development and external-economic conjuncture in the situation of demographic crisis Russia can hope to a social-economic stabilization at best. It is also noted that one cannot speak about any leadership in global politics and economy without working out and realization of the state’s strategic programme of overcoming the demographic crisis.

Keywords: Russia, demography, demographic crisis, danger, demographic development, birth-rate, life expectancy, demographic pressure, population migration, national security.

Rozanov A. S. International terrorism as a modern global problem (pp. 115–118). Original text and References

The article analyzes international terrorism as a global problem of the humankind. Particular attention is paid to identifying the essence of the globalization process and its influence on expansion of global terrorists’ links with organized crime. The author identifies the key trends in the development of international terrorist organizations.

Keywords: international terrorism, globalization, global problem, international terrorist organizations, organized crime.

Nature, Man, Society

Teymuri V. The world leaders and cultural diversity (pp. 119–127). Original text and References

The present paper focuses on the question of cultural intelligence as an essential characteristic of global leadership. The study aims at designing a theoretical framework on the subject of the relationship between globalized world,global leadership and cultural intelligence through reviewing the existing literature, and other related documents. The findings of the study confirmed the assumption that the future leaders of the world must be aware of the cultural diversity to realize the real process of the ongoing globalization. They have to believe in a joint management of the world based on the mutual respect and understanding.

Keywords: culture, cultural intelligence, global leaders, globalization.

Vasilenko V. N. ‘Rio+20’: Security of the global society' citizens (pp. 128–144). Original text and References

The agenda of World Summit on Sustainable Development ‘Rio+20’ (Brazil, June 2012) reflects not only the necessity to overcome crisis models of state structures in different world regions, low efficiency of planetary and national instruments and mechanisms of transition to the model of sustainable development, but also the need for a noospheric revision (interpretation) of ‘Rio+20’ process. This is evidenced by the growing threat of depopulation sharpened in the first decade of the 21st century.

Keywords: human depopulation, theory of biosphere evolving into noosphere, noospheric futurology, noospheric status of a Human, person, citizen in global society, noospheric mission of science and education system; noosperic function of government institutions, noospheric declaration of global security; noospheric monitoring of sustainable development of the subjects of geocivilization.

Lebedev S. A. The science in the global world (pp. 145–151). Original text and References

The article analyzes the specific features of modern science in global world. The following main problems of modern science's globalization are considered: 1) the integration of national scientific systems into general world science; 2) synthesis of different spheres of contemporary scientific knowledge; 3) growth of the interconnection of modern science with different culture subsystems.

keywords: science, global world, synthesis, dialogue, culture.

Russia in the Global World

Zapesotski A. S. The Russian capitalism in the context of the global dispute between the socialist and liberal ideologies (pp. 152–159). Original text and References

The article provides the analysis of contemporary Russian capitalism in the context of heated controversy between socialist and liberal ideology, and the Russian model is characterized as ultraliberal. While advanced nations are striving for a well-balanced synthesis of socialist and liberal approaches, Russia’s situation is unique: corrupt government is verbally setting forward democratic values whereby concealing market ideology that is actually employed. Meanwhile, traditional humanistic values labour, integrity and patriotism are pushed aside and lose their meaning. This results in abuse of power, corruption and economic inefficiency. The article also reveals the omnipotent market’s fatal impact on ‘non-market’ spheres, such as judicial system, police, army, culture and education. The article emphasizes the necessity for Russia to pursue the main track of civilizational development.

Keywords: Russian capitalism, ultraliberalism, state ideology, market, traditional values, culture, education.

Shapkin I. N., Bondarenko N. E. Creation of the national innovative system as a prerequisite for competitive recovery in the global economy (pp. 160–173). Original text and References

In the context of forming global economy, for all countries regardless of their economic development the establishment of the national innovative system is becoming very important. This system has to secure the competitiveness of these countries, and to define their place in the worldwide economy. In this article the authors examine the history of formation and development of different innovative systems, analyze factors that influence the formation; give characteristics to different innovative systems that have been already formed in different countries.

Keywords: globalization, economic development, competitive advantage, national innovative system, innovation, innovative development, national innovative policy.

Imanov G. M. Russia and Turkey in the 21st century: From the multidimensional strategic partnership to the imperative of the Eurasian integration (pp. 174–178). Original text and References

The article argues that at the turn of the 20th –21st centuries Ankara and Moscow became reliable partners. The Russian-Turkish relations get a powerful dynamics of development. The centuries-old history of the Russian and Turkish civilizations has much in common. They were historically formed as the Eurasian world-empires. Russia and Turkey are the countries of the Eurasian imperial past. Their formation under the strongest influence of cultural values, and, to be more exact, under the influence of the religious factor, should be considered as similarities between the Russian and Turkish civilizations. Influence of the Eurasian public moods grows in Russia and Turkey. It seems reasonable to initiate a wide public discussion about the possible entry of the Turkish Republic into the Eurasian Union alliance.

Keywords: Russia, Turkey, partnership, integration, civilization, Eurasianism, Eurasian idea, the Eurasian Union.

Academic life

Philyukhina S. V. The global tendencies of the world development (pp. 179–188). Original text and References

The All-Russian conference “Global trends of the world development” was held on June 14, 2012, at the Institute of Scientific Information for Social Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The participants defined the main global trends of the world development for the next decades among which are redistribution on the world’s energy market, reindustrialization, intensive migration, centralization of the mass-media, and more frequent world crises. The most important problems of the future globalizing world were also defined including the maintaining of the global food supply balance, organization of the global management system (world legislative, executive and judiciary powers).

Keywords: globalization, world crisis, economic cycles, governance, postindustrialism, energy.

Globalistics. Biographies, organizations, publications. Reference book (p. 189). Original text and References

The Authors of the Issue (p. 190).