Contents and abstracts in English


Журнал: Выпуск №1(13)/2014 - подписаться на статьи журнала

Theory

Tu Wei-Ming. Multiple Modernities: A Preliminary Inquiry into the Implications of East Asian Modernity (pp. 3–12). Original text and References

The rise of “Confucian” East Asia suggests that despite global trends defined primarily in economic and geopolitical terms, cultural traditions continue to exert powerful influences in the modernizing process. Although modernization originated from the West, East Asian modernization has already assumed cultural forms so significantly different from those in Western Europe and North America that, empirically, we must entertain al­ternatives to Western modernism. The challenge ahead is the need for global civilizational dialogue as a prerequisite for a peaceful world order. The perceived clash of civilizations makes the dialogue imperative.

Keywords: Confucianism, modernization, civilizational dialogue.

Nikolay I. Migunov. The Confucian Way of Tu Wei-Ming (pp. 13–15). Original text and References

The article provides the main landmarks in biography of Professor of Chinese history and philosophy, student of Confucianism Tu Wei-Ming. His ambitious program “The Confucian megaproject” developed in the 1980s demonstrates Confucianism urgency as a huge spiritual resource of the modernity.

Keywords: Professor Tu Wei-Ming, Post-Neo-Confucianism, “Confucian megaproject”, Confucian ethics.

Arkadi D. Ursul. Global Governance: Evolution Perspectives (pp. 16–27). Original text and References

We study the problem of the formation of global governance in the context of the alleged evolution of global processes, the prospects of survival of humanity and the biosphere preservation. The view is expressed that not only global studies but science as a whole will need to pay more attention to the study of a new global phenomenon emerging at present – sustainable development. It is emphasized that globalization, transmitting universalities and establishing various relations in society, at the stage of transition to sustainable development also needs to use the mechanisms of global governance. And while global governance is necessary not only to implement the strategy of sustainable development, yet its basic orientation and the function will be associated with the evolutionary movement toward global sustainability.

Keywords: Evolutionary Globalistics, globalization, Globalistics, global development, global governance, global issues, global knowledge, global processes, Global Studies, sustainable development.

Peter G. Kirchschlaeger. The Relation between Democracy and Human Rights (pp. 28–42).Original text and References

The inextricable relationship between democracy and human rights shows that human rights are the basis and valuable reference points of democracy. As a result the author considers that education in democracy and human rights is necessary as it will help overcome the reductionist understanding of democracy as recognizing only the will of the majority. Human rights education is the essential fundament of the implementation of human rights as every human being needs to know about her/his rights. Human rights education is a ‘must have’ and not a ‘nice to have’ in today’s pluralistic society where human rights enable us to live in peaceful coexistence with respect for the human dignity of each other and with tolerance across the boundaries of traditions, cultures, religions, world views and opinions; where human rights empower the individual to participate in a democratic opinion-building and decision-making-process; where human rights protect minorities from the human rights-violating decisions of a majority.

Keywords: democracy, human rights, minority rights, realization of human rights.

Valeri M. Eskov, Laura B. Djumangalieva, Svetlana A. Gudkova, Elena N. Kravchenko. The Third Paradigm and the Dynamics of Social Systems (pp. 43–54). Original text and References

The article presents a novel conception of globalization where the main feature of a social system is homogeneity. Moreover, homogeneous social system is characterized primarily by homogeneous intellectual parameters, and other economic and ethical characteristics are less important. The article proves that fractal transition law “determinism-stochastics-chaos” has not been carried out in socialist countries and now is not carried out in the USA. Besides, American technological (stochastic) society is a stagnated system where 20 % of population is able to evolution, and 80 % of population is social worthless stuff, unable to make a progress. The article proposes applying of chaos and self-organization theory in social description within this new approach.

Keywords: globalism, homogeneity, self-organization, chaos, fractality, evolution.

Processes of globalization

Nikolay P. Zalyvski. Geopolitical Competition of States for Economic Leadership in the Future World (pp. 55–65). Original text and References

The work touches upon some aspects of the theory of globalization, first of all, the theory of competition of the leading States for global leadership. The author briefly assesses the preceding historical practice of interaction of the States. This practice is the basis for a debate around the idea of Russia's opportunities to become and to secure for itself the position of one of the geopolitical leaders. The attention is paid to the factors that may determine the design of the distant future. According to the author, only civilization with strong futurist representation of the consequences of the modern geopolitical practices will take a stable position in it. Global competition is one of such factors. It is determined by the Institute of the constant competition between the states for a long-term presence on the historical scene as a leader of the developing world.

Keywords: Russia, geopolitics, global competition, future prospects, the new structure of world leaders, the criteria of global competition.

Petr Blizkovsky. Stakeholders of Economic Governance: European Perspective (pp. 66–89). Original text and References

The present article studies the global system of economic regulation in terms of its actors. First, the author considers the changing political and economic environment which sets new requirements in management. He defines the actors and their role at different stages of regulatory process. Then, the author analyzes three examples of regulation and makes a conclusion on the European perspectives and mutual influence of global and European ideas and stimuli on the economic regulation.

Keywords: globalization, global, regulation, management, economic crisis, international standard, finance, the European Union.

Yuri D. Granin. Globalization: Dialectics of Historical Forms of Realization (pp. 90–103). Original text and References

The socio-philosophical meaning of the term «globalization», the diversity of historical forms of globalization of humanity are analyzed in the article. One of the last and most successful historical forms of globalization was the «Euro-Atlantic» unification model of humanity, called the «westernization». But the future of globalization is not associated with the inevitable westernization of the «second» world. The current wave of globalization induces major regional powers to produce their own cultural and other forms of global strategies to prevent its spread in the form of «westernization».

Keywords: globalization, westernization, integration, Empire, modernization, nation, nationalism, national State, social philosophy.

Valentina A. Samkova. Globalization as a Social Synergetic Process (pp. 104–110). Original text and References

Global issues

Yuri V. Popkov. Indigenous Peoples of the North in the Context of Globalization (pp. 111–123). Original text and References

The article presents the issue of preserving and development of the indigenous peoples as a global problem of modernity and defines the factors of its actualization. The author also studies current peculiarities and strategic landmarks of the Russian Federation`s state policy with respect to the indigenous people of the North, Siberia, and Far East and makes a conclusion on the necessity of reconsideration of the conceptual basis.

Keywords: globalization, indigenous peoples, low-numbered peoples of the North, Siberia and Far East, national policy.

Elena A. Dergacheva. Specifics of Global “Technospherization” of Biosphere in the Modern Epoch (pp. 124–132). Original text and References

The globalization of technogenic societies based on the scientific and technical productive forces not only destroys the biosphere for satisfaction of constantly growing requirements but creates new artificial world of technosphere which replaces biosphere. The fact that biosphere as a unique system of regulation of natural biological life must be preserved is not taken into consideration. As a result of integration of social, technospheric and biospheric components and strengthening of role of technosphere social,techno and natural processes including social, techno and natural globalization are widely spread. Such interpretation of the global technospheric change of biosphere gives an opportunity to make new sense of processes and problems in social and philosophical area of Global Studies.

Keywords: technogenic social and natural development, technosphere, biosphere, global social, techno and natural processes, globalization.

Nature, society, and humans

Vasili V. Shishkov. Formation and Development of the USA Hegemony: Imperial Domination and Globalization in the XXth Century (pp. 133–146). Original text and References

The article traces the emergence and development of U.S. hegemony. The factors that contributed to the growth of American power and the specifics of its later manifestations. The major geopolitical goals of the USA during the XIX–XX centuries and the ways of achieving them are analyzed in the article. The major components of American hegemony are determined The article presents the concept according to which globalization became a form of imperial domination of the USA in the world providing them with the economic, financial and intellectual resources and thus they were held in dependence from the success of direction and accountability of the process.

Keywords: empire, hegemony, geopolitics, globalization, the United States, World War I, World War II, the Cold War.

Evgeniya V. Antipina, Igor N. Shapkin. Perspectives of Capitalism Development: J. A. Schumpeter’ Views (pp. 147–159). Original text and References

The theoretical and methodological bases of capitalism, its formation and economic development, a role in historical process are studied in this article. This analysis is based on the theory of economic dynamics in which the Austrian economist J. A. Schumpeter stated the approach to studying of regularities of development of capitalism and formulated the thesis about inevitable transition from capitalism to socialism.

Keywords: J. А. Schumpeter, economic dynamics, economic development, business, progress, capitalism, innovation.

Russia in the global world

Nargiza I. Omorova. Globalization and Transformation of Diasporas’ Ethnic Identity (pp. 160–165). Original text and References

In this article the author investigates the processes of ethnic identification of the Central Asian diasporas in a multicultural society of Tatarstan. These processes are analyzed in the context of globalization of world culture. The author concludes that these diasporas have the multiple identities.

Keywords: ethnic identity, globalization, crisis of identity, the Central Asian diasporas.

Scientific life

World Cultural Forum: Goals and Objectives (pp. 166–169). Original text and References

Ilya V. Ilyin, Alexander S. Rozanov. Global Studies: New Approaches (pp. 170–181). Original text and References

The article is based on materials of the third International Scientific Congress ‘Globalistics’ dedicated to the 150th anniversary of Vladimir Vernadsky. It was held on 23–25October 2013 in Moscow under the aegis of UNESCO and Global Studies Consortium.

Keywords: globalization, congress, V. I. Vernadsky, cross-cultural communication.

Natalya M. Kishlakova, Tair M. Makhamatov. Financial Economic and Humanitarian Challenges of Globalization: International and National Aspects (pp. 182–186). Original text and References

The international and national aspects of the financial-economic and humanitarian challenges of globalization should be thoroughly investigated by the experts in different branches of knowledge. The attempt to start this process was made at the conference held by the Financial University under the Government of Russian Federation. The article highlights the main points of the event and gives a brief survey of presentations made by the participants of the conference.

Keywords: globalization challenges, philosophy, cosmopolitan values, collective identity, patriotism.

In memoriam

Izrael Yuri Antonievich (15 May 1930 – 23 January 2014) (pp. 187–188). Original text and References

The аuthors of the issue (p. 189–190)

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